-- Parma
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Time Period: 3rd century BC to 4th century AD
Location: Rome
Common Construction: Wood and leather

The parma is a small round or square shield used by gladiators in the arena. The size of a gladiator's shield was decided based on his classification. Generally gladiators were separated into scutarii (large shield fighters) and parmalarii (small shield fighters). The parmalarii were usually given a better weapon or other types of armor to compensate for the smaller shield.

The parma could be round or square depending on the gladiator, and the availability of shields. The hoplomachus always had a round parma in an attempt to emulate the ancient Greek hoplite, but the thracian often had a square parma.

BCE 01st Century, BCE 02nd Century, BCE 03rd Century, CE 01st Century, CE 02nd Century, CE 03rd Century, CE 04th Century, Gladiator, History, Rome, Shield

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