-- Casque
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Time Period: 9th-13th century
Location: Europe
Common Construction: Iron or Steel

Casque is a general term for helmets that do not fit the major classifications in European history between the 14th and 17th century. However, the common usage of the word casque refers to the "Casque Normand" which was used from the 9th to the 13th century.

The casque replaced the spangenhelm as the primary form of helmet in the 9th century. It is a close fitting helmet usually worn with an arming cap and/or mail coif. It is structurally more durable than the spangenhelm that it replaced, but it covered roughly the same area of the skull. It was used by cavalry until replaced by the great helm in the 12th century. As an infantry helm its use survived up until the emergence of the basinet in the 14th century.

Armor, CE 09th Century, CE 10th Century, CE 11th Century, CE 12th Century, CE 13th Century, General Term, Helmet, History, Medieval Europe

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